KNOW THE FACTS ABOUT TRAFFICKING

The United Nations estimate that over 30 million people worldwide are trafficked for forced labor, sexual exploitation or organ harvesting. 1

According to some estimates, approximately 79% of trafficking involves sexual exploitation, and 18% involves labor exploitation.2

In America, victims of pimp- controlled sex trafficking are commonly forced to meet quotas of $500 to $1,500 a night.3

The top 5 risk factors for human trafficking include: recent migration/relocation, substance use, runaway/homeless youth, mental health concern, and involvement in the child welfare system.

Human trafficking and forced labor is a $150 billion crime worldwide.5

Interactions with friends and family is the number one point of access for potential help.6

There are an estimated 5000 brothels disguised as massage parlors in the U.S. Victims of sex trafficking within massage parlors are forced to have sex with 6 to 10 men a day.7

An estimated 5 million children, the majority of them girls, are sexually exploited in the multi-billion dollar commercial sex industry.8 

Of the more than 18,500 endangered runaways reported to NCMEC (National Center for Missing and Exploited Children) in 2016, one in six were likely victims of child sex trafficking. Of those, 86 percent were in the care of social services when they went missing.9

The US Department of Justice Child Exploitation and Obscenity Section reports that age 12 is the average age of entry into pornography and prostitution in the U.S.10

Trafficked children are significantly more likely to develop mental health problems, abuse substances, engage in prostitution as adults, and either commit or be victimized by violent crimes later in life.11

Trafficking victims normally don't get help because they think that they or their families will be hurt by their traffickers, or that they will be deported.12

There are approximately 313,000 victims of human trafficking in Texas.13

There are approximately 79,000 minor and youth victims of sex trafficking in Texas.14

20% of all human trafficking in the US comes through Texas at some point.15

Texas currently has the second highest rate of calls to national human trafficking hotlines in the United States.16

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Sources:

1. UNODC, Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2016 (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.16.IV.6). 

2. UNODC. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Human Trafficking FAQs. 13 June 2017. 

3. Polaris Project. Domestic Sex Trafficking: The Criminal Operations of the American Pimp. A Condensed Guide for Service Providers and Law Enforcement. (2015) 

4. Polaris Project. Growing Awareness, Growing Impact: 2017 Statistics from the National Human Trafficking Hotline and BeFree Text Line. (2017) 

5. Polaris Project. The Facts. (2016)

6. Polaris Project. Growing Awareness, Growing Impact: 2017 Statistics from the National Human Trafficking Hotline and BeFree Text Line. (2017) 

7. National Human Trafficking Hotline, Operated by Polaris Project. Sex Trafficking: Fake Massage Buisiness. (2015) 

8. Polaris Project. The Facts. (2016) 

9. "Key Facts." Missing Kids. National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, 2017. 13 June 2017. 

10. "Sex Trafficking." Sex Trafficking | Washington State. Washington State Office of the Attorney General, n.d. 13 June 2017. 

11. Human Trafficking Facts. Digital image. National Coalition Against Domestic Violence. National Coalition Against Domestic Violence, n.d. 13 June 2017. 

12. Claws on, H.J. (2003). Needs Assessment for Service Providers and Trafficking Victims. National Institute of Justice. 

13. Human Trafficking by the Numbers 2016. Rep. University of Texas at Austin Institute on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault, 2017. 13 June 2017.

14. Human Trafficking by the Numbers 2016. Rep. University of Texas at Austin Institute on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault, 2017. 13 June 2017. 

15. Center for Public Policy Studies. Texas Human Trafficking Fact Sheet. N.p.: Human Trafficking and the State Courts Collaborative, Jan. 2013. 

16. NHTRC. National Human Trafficking Resource Center Data Breakdown United States Report. Rep. National Human Trafficking Resource Center, 2015. 13 June 2017. 

 

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